Resources about gardens, masks, and general health after a wildfire

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Freeway overpass with thank you messages

I spent too much time working on this today, but at least I was able to close a lot of tabs… Sorry about the formatting. Hopefully I will get to add more as I find them…

Fire Recovery/Cleanup Resources with a focus on Sonoma County

Home and Health (masks down below):

https://calepa.ca.gov/disaster/fire/

Cleanup involves health risks : https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/16/us/california-fires-cleanup.html
Safe cleanup after fire https://www.arb.ca.gov/carpa/toolkit/emerg-response/safe-cleanup-fire-ash.pdf

https://www.consumerreports.org/cro/news/2015/08/how-to-keep-indoor-air-clean-during-a-wildfire/index.htm

http://www.drbridgetsomine.com/2017/10/11/fire-protection-essentials/#top

About breathing the air: https://www.wired.com/story/smoke-from-wildfires-is-a-growing-public-health-crisis-for-cities/

Recommendations from Sonoma County: http://sonomacounty.ca.gov/EOC-and-PIO/Fires-October-2017/Services/Recovery-Resources/ about handling fire and ash: http://sonomacounty.ca.gov/_templates_portal/Page.aspx?id=2147549806

About the fire retardants: https://pubs.acs.org/cen/coverstory/89/8935cover.html

Herbs for lung health: https://scarletsage.com/blogs/news/fire-support-herbs-for-lungs-and-trauma

Farm/Garden/Soil:

UC ANR on wildfires: http://ucanr.edu/ somewhere in there- it didn’t give me a link because it was like a slideshow from the front page

Fires and Food Safety: https://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/wcm/connect/f4c7bfd6-4824-401b-9632-bc4df18b47a0/Fires_and_Food_Safety.pdf?MOD=AJPERES

UC ANR Disaster Resources: http://cesonoma.ucanr.edu/Disaster_Resources/

A List of Soil and Plant Labs: http://cesonoma.ucanr.edu/files/27431.pdf

Ways to Learn Current Air Quality

http://Airnow.gov

seems to  involve signing up but some consider it more accurate despite not knowing what the things it says mean:

http://www.breezeometer.com/
Soil Discussion:

from https://www.facebook.com/groups/youngfarmersguild/permalink/917843905039500/?comment_id=918294431661114&notif_id=1508248537587809&notif_t=group_comment_follow

from Erik: the only real way to find this out is going to be taking soil samples and sending them in for testing (harmony does the testing)Every zone is going to be different, depending on the winds and ash settling.The low areas where the smoke and ash are settling the most will probably be worse than coastal hills. There is a difference between the house and forest fire/ash as well. Today’s smoke and ash is mostly forest ash and actually can be a good thing for soil as a source of potassium and alkalinity. Monday – Thursday’s ash was the most toxic.
from Pam:  I know that part of the clean up in homes destroyed near me requires removing up to 4” of soil and testing until toxins are no longer present. Maybe the same for gardens- some soil removal??

Saivya (sp) “Harmony Farms told me to contact the soil testing labs directly to ask which toxins they can test for and that I should have a list of what types of chemicals I was wondering about.  “

from Peter Probably not soot: soot is black carbon, and may have oil and tar content, including some nasty stuff. Ash (grey or white) is all mineral, some soluble and not typically toxic. I would just wash as usual.

If you actually have soot – black carbon – test for dioxins and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, for starters.
From Erik- Dioxins from plastics(this is the major concern In think), lead, (copper, aluminum maybe too?) hmmm what else??

Masks:

N95, N99 or P100

Wildfire smoke and face masks https://www.doh.wa.gov/Portals/1/Documents/Pubs/334-353.pdf

Tips for adjusting an adult mask to fit a kid: http://jenrose.com/smokemask_for_kids/

For p100:  Make sure the respirator comes with replacement cartridges. Example: https://www.amazon.com/Organic-Vapor-Cartridges-Filters-Large/dp/B0068R8FAQ/ref=sr_1_11?ie=UTF8&qid=1508043941&sr=8-11&keywords=north+5500+respirator

Vogmask: https://www.vogmask.com/collections/all

kids:  http://totobobo.com/blog/2008/03/time-for-a-better-mask-to-protect-children/

Home Air Purifiers:

Build your own with a box fan (need better link, sorry): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kH5APw_SLUU

Www.blueair.com will give a 25% discount on all purchases until 10/31

Article about vacuums: https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/111879/can-a-vacuum-cleaner-be-used-to-purify-the-air-in-a-small-room
For helping kids:

Picture story on fb: https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10213733880922826&set=gm.599248263799494&type=3&theater&ifg=1

Books: https://www.forbes.com/sites/tarahaelle/2017/08/30/8-books-to-help-children-understand-disasters-and-cope-with-anxiety/#402386ab42e9

Tips for Parents and Caregivers: https://www.mercycorps.org/helping-children-through-crisis-10-tips-parents-and-caregivers

Get trained: http://www.signupgenius.com/go/9040e49aeab28aa8-disaster

from Carolynn Spezza

Tips for Parenting Children Through a Wildfire:

First, I am so sorry. As a mother who lost a home two years ago and is currently experiencing the Tubbs fire, I get it. Surviving an emotional, logistical nightmare may be hard, but navigating a nightmare while simultaneously nurturing children through it is even harder. This is exhausting work.

Below are a few things that helped our family survive wildfire evacuation and home loss. I hope a few may be useful in caring for your hurting children …because, truly, the last thing you need right now or a few months from now are children that are completely falling apart. Or worse: shutting down emotionally.

  1. Create opportunities for a sense of control and “container”
  2. Keep individually packaged snacks and drinks in your trunk. These are useful in giving children a small sense of control over their chaotic world, as well as in keeping blood sugar level when you need a few more minutes at a store or in a meeting.
  3. Find a way to create a small space a child can retreat within and keep their few belongings. For instance, create a soft, blanketed space under a shelter cot or consider purchasing a pop-up tent designed for play or to fit over a twin bed. These spaces are particularly vital for children with sensitive nervous systems. Blanketed spaces can also be created in a hotel room under a table or in a closet.
  4. Purchase card games or board games to play as a family. Games like Uno and Go Fish can be stored in a glove compartment or purse …and require little brainpower for exhausted parents. Games can create a “container of family” at a restaurant, shelter, hotel, or sparsely furnished home. If used regularly, games can also create a sense of routine for children overwhelmed by the sudden disorder in their lives.
  5. Create meaning
  6. During mealtime, tell stories from your childhood about when you overcame hardship. This communicates to children your family’s legacy of being overcomers. It also communicates your firm belief that they will survive this experience.
  7. Highlight the helpers. Routinely begin conversations about the people helping your family and your community. Explain how when bad things happen in life we talk about the hardship, but we also focus on the beauty of kindness and love that flows in to surround that hardship.
  8. Give kids vocabulary to express the feelings in their bodies. Use words such as tight, tense, confused, trapped, sad, angry and worried. Also emphasize empowering words such as tenacity, family, community and kindness. Language centers of the brain can go off-line during trauma, yet we need them to make sense of our experience to guard against potential long-term effects from trauma.
  9. Show children how healthy adults handle trauma
  10. If two parents are available, take turns being with the children. Commit to the parent who is with the children to being off his/her phone as much as logistically possible.
  11. If friends and family are offering to help, work with your children to create a list of ways people can support you. Include a short list of your child’s favorite books, meals or outings (if relevant). In doing this together, you are modeling how to proactively turn to relationships and receive kindness during times of stress.
  12. Move your body and get your kids moving theirs. Bodies pump out stress hormones during trauma to make extra movement possible. Movement is both helpful and critical during stress to ensure stress hormones do not damage the body. If opportunities for large movement activities such as swimming are restricted, be a fierce leader and spearhead games of running down hallways, seeing who can run in a circle the longest, bear crawls, hopping on one/two feet, or wiggling toes to work out stress. Hopscotch and flat “obstacle” courses can be created using sidewalk chalk, tape, pillows and towels. (I know: Playing with kids may feel like the LAST thing you want to do right now. But time spent moving and playing with your kids will pay dividends in the long haul. Fake it till you make it.)
  13. Take care of your body
  14. Challenge yourself to turn away from screens and towards people.
  15. Eat vegetables, protein and whole grains. You need your body to feel as agile as possible right now.
  16. Stay away from things that will decrease time in “deep sleep.” Most importantly: (a) avoid caffeine after lunch, (b) turn off your phone at least one hour before bedtime, and (c) minimize alcohol. Your kids will need you tomorrow and need you to rest. You may technically sleep for a few hours after caffeine, screens and alcohol, but it will not be the deep sleep that rejuvenates your brain. If sleep seems impossible, try focusing your mind on slowly repeating the lines of a favorite verse, poem or calming statement. When you awake in the middle of the night, quickly focus on the words of your simple, calming verse or sentence. (Your mind will drift. Just keep trying.) Again, your children need you to sleep.

*The Magic of Caring, Responsive Adults

A growing body of research indicates the number one “protective factor” for resilient children is the presence of caring, responsive adults. During the coming months you will likely hear adults flippantly minimize children’s experience of powerlessness and chaos with, “Oh, children are resilient.” Please remember children possess immature nervous systems and need adults to guide them in establishing a sense of stability and in developing healthy coping mechanisms. Wrapping a sense of safety, control and the opportunity to express emotions is critical to ensuring that in the long-term, children will indeed be resilient.

Giving children time feels daunting when there are phone calls to return, news to catch up on, …and the problem of figuring out how to feed kids their next meal. Consider reminding yourself, “This is what mammals do. We work endlessly for the sake of our kids. I’ve got this.”

Parenting children in a caring, responsive way while scrambling to survive is a steep mountain to climb. If you find yourself in a position of parenting in the midst of not just evacuation, but also losing your home and rebuilding your life in the wake of a wildfire, your task is even steeper. Perfection is not required, nor is it possible during this time. Instead, consider creating a mental list of three things you can do for your child each day to provide the container of love, stability and “being seen.” According to research, just holding children while listening to them talk or cry can be the most valuable gift of all.

Our family offers tender wishes of grace during this most difficult time.

gently,

Carolynn Spezza

P.S. My younger daughter just reminded me that among the most helpful things we did for her during the Valley Fire was to let her choose a notebook and pencil to have as her very own. With all my exhausting work and failures during that time, it feels curious that a $2 notebook is what stuck with her the most.

As the smoke outside the window is getting thicker and my children are waiting for attention, I am not allocating time to add references to a few items above. Please forgive me. Most ideas come from my years as a social worker, research associate in youth development, and perhaps most useful, my years as a mama.

Some disaster relief funds to donate to:

Farmers Guild/CAFF: http://www.farmersguild.org

Support local undocumented immigrants: http://undocufund.org/

Vanoni Ranch for Cattle Feed: https://www.plumfund.com/pet-fund/vanoni-ranch-cattle-feed

Cannabis growers: https://www.youcaring.com/growersincaliforniawhohavebeenimpactedbywildfires-977705

and

https://emeraldgrowers.nationbuilder.com/wildfire

Sonoma County recovers: https://sonomacounty.recovers.org/

Labor: http://calaborfed.org/california-wildfires-disaster-relief/

Local (unofficial?) Industrial Workers of the World Longterm Community Support fund: https://www.generosity.com/community-fundraising/soco-iww-long-term-community-support-fund

Elem Indian Community in Lake County: https://www.knwi.org/elem-relief

 

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A week since the fires started

Well, it’s been a week since the #santarosafires started. A short, but long week. Most of the fires are yellow on the maps, but there’s a new fire that started as 2 separate fires this weekend, I think. It’s a ways away but we have been seeing weird smoke over Taylor Mountain – it’s from a few hills back. Hopefully the fires die back and those thousands of firefighters can go home. I heard today that it’s thought that some 50,000 people 100,000 people were evacuated because of these fires. And so many lost their homes. I wonder if parts of the previously-forested hillsides that were burned will somehow end up with housing on them. Extra housing was already desperately needed. I heard on the radio that some folks are not planning on rebuilding… It might take a while to sell those properties off.

We finally got our hands on a P100 gas mask (respirator) today.  I still have been having pain in my chest and headaches. I’m probably a bit more sensitive because I have a bit of asthma and multiple chemical sensitivity. Z can feel it, too, though. Unfortunately, we only bought one (to see if it would fit me- I had had my doubts, and it’s not great with my glasses, but we have it), and there weren’t any in a kids’ size. We finally bought a room air filter for the house, and the plastic smell of it is horrible! Z tried using it after he’d had the window open, and he found that it cleaned up the burnt smell right away, so that’s good.

I am starting to wonder if we should be eating the produce from the garden. There was so much oily stuff in the water I soaked the basil in today. Sure, basil has oils. And the kale water had oils, too, but I initially put the basil into the same bucket. Ashes definitely come off into the water. There were farmers markets today – we went to the Sebastopol Market. It was sad to say goodbye to one couple and to not see my friend’s farm whose stand my family shops at every week. They were evacuated early on Saturday and probably haven’t been let back in. I’ve heard of farms that were destroyed, including another farm from the Saturday market :(. So sad.

Bucket and seedling tray that have ash on them from the fires
Ashy bucket and tray

 

#SantaRosafires — Go Away!

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Artichoke in bloom

Hi! It’s been a rough week, what with all the smoke and ashes in the air. We are about a mile east of the mountains that 2 fires are on the other side of – one spot is 3 miles to our south and east, and the other is I’m not sure how far, but to the north and east. Z hasn’t seen red at the top of the hills since Sunday night/Monday morning. I saw flames through the trees at midnight on Sunday night and looked on Calfire to find out what fire it was – I figured that it was in Lake County. At least one family from T’s preschool lost their home.

Garden update: I’ve still been picking some stuff out there- kale, strawberries, corn the other day, and some of the tomatoes. Oh, and melons that we haven’t gotten around to trying. Last weekend there was one that was delicious in one half and bitter in the other!

There’s a bit of ash on everything. I’m worried about my soil. The raccoons are digging up what little I planted (greens). I bought garlic seed on Sunday (maybe 8 hours before the 1st fire Santa Rosa fire started. Haven’t planted it yet! The zinnias and celosia are still lovely. Some of my newer marigolds blew over and/or got eaten by gophers. The wind on Sunday night was so strong. (I actually predicted the fires right around the time they started). The wind tossed my little greenhouse and scattered my seedlings all over the place. Some of the supports were broken. We’ll have to examine that situation in a few months – it’s the end of the season, pretty much. I’m so frustrated that I didn’t get my cover crops to germinate. I can plant again, but the way the soil is and the sprinklers are, it’s hard to germinate anything.

It’s not really safe to be out there, and I’ve been extra busy with a preschooler at home, errands to run, and twitter and facebook updates to share (I have a separate twitter account that I use for more personal and political stuff).

The wind isn’t as bad tonight as it was on Sunday night, and at least for the northern fire (Tubbs) it may be blowing in such a way that the fire will stop spreading. Please wish us luck!

Starting to get fall crops in

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plants in the greenhouse this evening

Well, I have cabbage seedlings that are getting big, and broccoli seedlings that i’ve potted up (some have been rotting in their new pots 😦 ) and this stuff needs to get into the ground. Z prepped the area with the tractor, and today i put out enough oyster shell and compost to get me started (the right row is pretty much ready to receive seedlings).

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new greens beds. cabbage and broccoli scheduled for the right, and kale and broccoli in the left rows

I should have watermelons soon if they can handle the 48-degree nights.

Hm, the bad Inaturalist code at the right is worrisome; no time tonight.

PS, I planted some snow peas last week and they have emerged!

TWO 110+ degree days!

It never gets that hot here, but it was roughly 112 yesterday and 111 today. Some of the plants in the garden are just sort of fading away. An example is the sunflowers in the east side of the garden. We’ll see what happens. #weather

Part of a screen capture from the Weather Underground site that shows that it was 109.4 degrees early this afternoon.
Screen capture from Weather Underground that showed that it was 109.4 degrees early this afternoon.

We’ve been getting lots of green, yellow, and purple beans and basil. We’ve gotten a few squashes so far, and a couple of tomatoes this week. My seedlings have made it so far – even the ones that I transplanted this week! They are flowers that probably won’t get to flower before it gets too cold, but I felt like I should try. I picked 2/3 of a 5-gallon bucket of pears the night before the 1st extra-hot day. I think that’s all I will get for the rest of the season! I can still see a few out there, but I just don’t have the time or energy. I got too hot  in our carport on Friday and am still recovering.